Mesurer le développement économique en Gaule du Ier siècle av. J.-C. au VIIe siècle ap. J.-C. View larger

Mesurer le développement économique en Gaule du Ier siècle av. J.-C. au VIIe siècle ap. J.-C.



AHR-48 - Mesurer le développement économique en Gaule du Ier siècle av. J.-C. au VIIe siècle ap. J.-C.

Béline Pasquini, 2022, 220 p. coul, (ISBN : 978-2-35518-127-6).

Crédit photo : Stèle funéraire dite du train des équipages, Ier siècle (détail). Musée Archéologique de Strasbourg, inv. 9012. Photo Musées de Strasbourg, M. Bertola.

langue : français.

diffusion : éditions Mergoil

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Under Roman rule, through established peace and security, the Gauls … enjoyed wealth and luxury.’ Fustel de Coulanges’ famous argument represents the traditional consensus still widely shared within and outside of academia: the coming of the Romans made their provinces safe and prosperous, and their downfall left their subjects in the ‘Dark Ages.’ Since the 1970s, however, the re-evaluations of the Late Antique and Early Medieval economies have questioned the dramatic difference in economic development before and after the Roman occupation. The current book re-examines this debate with a reappraisal of the living conditions in the Gallic region from the end of the Iron Age (1st c. BC) to the early Middle Ages (7th c. AD). When did the Gauls enjoy the best material life? When did they fare worst? This study offers an innovative methodological and epistemological framework to synthesize archaeological evidence and measure economic development. It defines development as the combination of growth and well-being and uses quantitative analysis to reconstruct their fluctuations. In the end, it reveals the possibility of conducting meaningful and sophisticated measurements of economic development in the ancient world.

Sommaire :


Chapitre I : De la romanisation au développement

1. Des concepts toujours biaisés
2. Le concept de romanisation et les notions d’évolutionnisme, de diffusionnisme, et d’acculturation
3. Les alternatives postcoloniales à la romanisation
4. La mondialisation
5. Le développement
6. Le choix du développement comme outil d’analyse

Chapitre II : Mesurer la croissance économique

1. Bases théoriques et historiographiques
2. Les proxies de la croissance : structure
3. Les proxies de la croissance : performance.
4. Synthèse : Mesurer la croissance

Chapitre III : Mesurer le bien-être

1. Bases théoriques
2. Les proxies du bien-être

Synthèse : Mesurer le bien-être

Conclusion et perspectives 
Table des figures


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