La nécropole gallo-romaine de la Citadelle à Chalon-sur-Saône (Saône-et-Loire). View larger

La nécropole gallo-romaine de la Citadelle à Chalon-sur-Saône (Saône-et-Loire).



M. AUGROS, M. FEUGERE (dir.) - AHR-05 - La nécropole gallo-romaine de la Citadelle à Chalon-sur-Saône (Saône-et-Loire), 2002, 206 p., 4 fig., 108 pl. (ISBN: 2-907303-60-0)

La nécropole gallo-romaine de la Citadelle, connue par diverses découvertes depuis le XIXe s., a fait l’objet d’une fouille de sauvetage durant l’hiver 1976-77. On trouvera ici la description des 213 tombes (dont 161 peuvent être localisées sur le plan général du cimétière), ainsi que le catalogue et l’illlustration de leur mobilier.

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During the winter of 1976-77, rescue excavations took place at the Gallo-Roman cemetery of the Citadelle, the location of which was known from various finds from the 19th century onwards. The published report contains the description of 213 graves (161 of which could be accurately placed on the general plan of the cemetery), as well as the catalogue and illustrations of their furnishings. The vast majority were cremation burials, dating from the beginning of the 1st century AD to the middle of the 2nd. The cemetery, which lay alongside the road to Autun to the north of the ancient town, must have had limited opportunity to expand, because several times the site was redefined in such as way as to permit the digging of new ditches while sparing the earlier graves as far as possible. Despite these precautions, a large number of graves had been destroyed. The ground surface of the cemetery must have been permanently strewn with cinders and fragments from disturbed burials. The use of a collective pyre site, which was not located during the excavations, had also led to a large amount of material being found in the fill of the ditches, of which only some derived from primary grave offerings. These characteristics of this urban cemetery do not eclipse the importance of the artefact groups which reveal aspects of the daily life and funerary customs of the Gallo-Roman population of Cabilonnum in the early Imperial period.

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